Alexander Gerschenkron was a Ukrainian-born American economic . In , Gerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, a cornerstone of his career, and of. C. P. KINDLEBERGER. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By A. GERSCHENKRON. Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

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His early work often pursued the statistical tricks of Soviet planners. Sign In Forgot password?

Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

But his performance at the gymnasium was not going well, until he encountered his future wife, Erica. American people of Russian-Jewish descent Austrian School economists Development economists Economic historians Jewish American historians Guggenheim Fellows Harvard University faculty births deaths 20th-century historians 20th-century American economists Distinguished Fellows of the American Economic Association.

It is awarded for the best dissertation in the economic history of an area outside of the United States or Canada.

In his own writings, his references were varied, and consciously intended to impress: Gerschenkron studied many subjects, from history of economics, economics of the Soviet Union, statistics, Greek poetry, and a great deal in between.

Should one engage in significant land reform?

And more recently, with the rise of political economy as a field, his work is widely assigned as required reading. Gerschenkron spent twelve months researching and writing to help produce Gulick’s book, Austria: There ideas for dissertations were discussed and quantitative techniques evaluated. Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account?


In Germany, the key innovation would be the formation of large banks to provide access to needed capital for industrialization, even as greater Russian backwardness required a larger and more direct state compensatory role. He showed that the high rate of growth of Soviet industrial production was an effect of index number bias: The rapid pace of development in East Asia, for example, has inspired a whole set of major works over the last fifteen years, seeking to ascertain how a region, apparently condemned to continuing stagnation by religion, language and tradition, could spurt ahead in the s and subsequent periods.

InGerschenkron published a book titled Bread and Democracy in Germany. Charles Gulicka professor at the University of California, Berkeleyinvited Gerschenkron to be his research assistant.

Gerschenkron kept to his Russian roots—in his economics, history and as a critic of Russian literature. That hisgorical was overcome, months later when he easily gained admission. That book attacked the Junkers for their exploitation of the rest of the German population, and earned him promotion to the rank of Instructor with the opportunity to teach courses.

It also worked in favor to a major part of the German peasantry. Long-standing friendships were broken, as with John Kenneth Galbraith. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.

Alexander Gerschenkron

In he worked with the Federal Reserve in the Research and Statistics department. Whatever the strength in economics had been with Bohm-Bawerk, Menger and others who had pioneered in the Austrian school, it was not there in the s. General, International, or Comparative Time Period s: After all the discussion of major changes supposedly required in the system of international financial flows in the past few years, little gershcenkron, in fact, happened.


Those who survived that lerspective relationship almost always emerged with deep affection and fond memories, even if the process was far from linear and continuous.

The finished Gulick book, Austria from Habsburg to Hitlera two-volume work, published in Berkeley: It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. At Harvard, he led the Economic History Workshop and taught courses on Soviet economics and economic history.

It was just as the computer was evolving and econometrics was undergoing rapid advance. That was successful, but inadequate. For the small crop of students who wrote with him over more than a decade went on to leadership as the field of economic history was just changing back from an historical emphasis to an economic one.

But those years were not a happy terminus to his long stay at Harvard.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays

He worked on the Federal Reserve Board for four years, and was eventually promoted to the head of the International Section.

During his time on the Federal Reserve Board, Gerschenkron established himself as an expert on the Soviet economy. From Wikipedia, pfrspective free encyclopedia.