El Llano en llamas is a collection of short stories written in Spanish by Mexican author Juan . short stories. La herencia de Matilde Arcángel in Spanish online. A final example that attests once more to the “caciquil” basis of the society that Rulfo portrays: in the story “La herencia de Matilde Arcangel,” one of the main. These are, besides the fifteen published as El llano en llamas, five sueltos: “Un cuento,” “El dia del derrumbe,” “La herencia de Matilde Arcangel,” “Un pedazo.

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Here we are given an element which goes unrecognized as essential The first story in which Rulfo uses the technique is “La Cuesta de las Comadres. Feliciano is travelling with “los de adelemte. In “Macario,” the reader must transfer the name Macario from the title to the protagonist.

He is remembering them here. Shortly, however, we read: The meaning of this expression is never clarified in the story. Point of view in Rulfo is basically unstable, and this instability is what produces the effect of misleading and confusing the reader.

The second category includes settings which are more completely described but which are composed of elements of nebulosity, such as fog, smoke, haze, or dust, and which tend to shroud the physical sur- roundings from the reader’s view.

Lo desperto el frio de la madrugada. However, he recalls that he feared nothing from them El difunto don Lupe era solo, solamente con su mujer y los dos muchachitos todavia de a gatas. The meaning of this expression is never clarified in the story. He systematically analyzes textual differences between “Un cuento” and Pedro Paramo, pointing out changes from one to the other which reveal an accommodation to the requisites of each genre.

Gordon attempts to show how Rulfo presents the peasant’s miserable life through structure, style, language, and narrative devices.

Rulfo aeternum () – IMDb

The omniscient narrator narrated the story as it unfolded; from Esteban ‘s point of view, it is over, and he is narrating accomplished facts.


Parecia ser aun temprano, en la noche. The narrator, we eventually learn, was a teacher in Luvina for many years p. This feeling is enhanced by contrast with Parts I and IV: Under the direction of French nuns, he progressed smoothly through grammar school, but just as he entered high school a disruptive student strike caused him 3 to move to Mexico City at the age of fifteen. In these parts, we get Juvencio’ s recollection of the events which have brought about his present predicament.

This is reinforced by the lack of physical description, typical of Matllde, and the association, es- pecially of the hombre, with animals: No lo sabia usted?


He then discusses Remigio’s one eye and how it had a great range of dw. Esteban continues the narration as a memoj-y, which therefore means that the perspective from which the narrator views the story has changed.

This process has already been discussed in the previous chapter. As always in Rulfo, such things cannot be known, nor are zrcangel meant to be known.

All references to this story in the present dissertation refer to the edition indi- cated. It is impossible to determine exactly how the second part fits into the first.

At approximately the middle of the story, we see that “la luna iba subiendo, casi azul, sobre un cielo claro. O tal vez no The first one is the first. The first occurs just as the story begins: Que me lo dieran ahorita. He divides the story in five parts, emphasizing the tense which dominates each section, an analysis which does not seem to lead to any.

The third sequence is the narrator’s mental reconstruction of the events of the arcangell drowning, from the last paragraph of p. Eso lo perdera” p. This story is unique among stories with a first-person participant narrator, in that the level of exterior time, the time in which he is narrating, also seems to be in suspension.

Juan Rulfo

Nos quedabamos agazapados detras de unas piedras grandes y boludas, todavia resollandd fuerte por la carrera. This is maintained throughout most of the narrative, and even where individual deeds are described, such as in the juego al toro pp.


Arcnagel level is seen in the first and last parts of the story, which together form a vinit of time in which there is chronological progression. After the narrator has been walking along and talking with him, we read: I “Viejas carambasj Haberlo dicho antes” p.

These are, besides the fifteen published as El llano en llamas, five sueltos: Una golondrina cruzo las calles y luego sono el primer toque del alba. Retrieved 5 January De esto ya haee mios.

Part IV starts innnediat,ely at that point, and again with Esteban’s voice, but now the omniscient frame is gone and the perspective from which the action is viewed has changed.

Gordon notes that the movement of the moon is the means by 7 8 which the passage of time is measured. However, when the reader tries to visualize the relationships involved, he discovers that the apparent completeness of the description is only an illusion, and that the author has withheld just enough information to make it impossible, for the moment, to determine the actual relationships involved.

Chapter IV deals with the way in which the reader receives the facts of the story. This page was last edited on 6 Augustat This calculation also shows us that time does not move forward in this story. Gordon calls 24 “parallelism of ambiente, ” that is, the story starts with a scene of raoming and ends with a similar scene which gives the impression of.

In addition to these, five other stories were published as sueltos. We now realize that what seemed to be authorial description was not that at all, but rather the voice of some character in the story.